It shows that the production of conflict diamonds still exists in Sierra Leone. According to the 2005 Country Reports on Human Right Practices of Africa from the United States, serious human rights issues still exist in Sierra Leone, even though the 11-year civil conflict had officially ended by 2002.
When did the blood diamond conflict start and end?
The war between 1991 and 1999 claimed over 75,000 lives, caused 500,000 Sierra Leoneans to become refugees, and displaced half of the countries 4.5 million people. Also during this period, the Sierra Leone economy was being cheated out of millions of dollars in the form of illegal diamonds.
What was done to stop conflict diamonds?
An international governmental certification scheme, known as the Kimberley Process, was set up to prevent the trade in conflict diamonds.
Do conflict diamonds still exist?
In 2006, Leonardo DiCaprio made the term “Blood Diamonds” a household phrase. A lot has been done to address the issue of blood diamonds and conflict diamonds since then, but unfortunately, we still have a ways to go. The diamond trade is an 81 billion dollars industry with 65% of mined diamonds coming from Africa.
When did the blood diamond conflict start?
The very specific UN definition of blood diamonds was formulated during the 1990s, when brutal civil wars were being waged in parts of western and central Africa by rebel groups based in diamond-rich areas of their countries.
Are there still diamonds in Sierra Leone?
Diamonds are found in about a quarter of Sierra Leone in the south-east and east of the country, with the diamond fields cover 7,700 square miles. The main production areas are concentrated around the drainage areas of rivers in the Kono, Kenema and Bo Districts.
Does Sierra Leone still have child soldiers?
In Africa, child soldiers have fought or are fighting in Angola, Liberia, Mozambique, Rwanda, the Sudan, Congo and Uganda, as well as Sierra Leone. There are now an estimated 300,000 child soldiers worldwide, a figure that has increased by one-sixth during the last three years.
Does Tiffany use blood diamonds?
Tiffany & Co. only offers conflict-free diamonds. We have taken rigorous steps to assure that conflict diamonds do not enter our inventory. … We have a zero-tolerance policy toward conflict diamonds, and source our diamonds only from known sources and countries that are participants in the Kimberley Process.
Is Blood Diamond based on a real story?
The diamond industry is abuzz over the new film Blood Diamond, a fictional account of rebel militias in Sierra Leone fueling a bloody civil war through the sale of the precious gems. … He promises to help a poor black fisherman find his kidnapped son in exchange for help locating the gemstone.
Does De Beers sell blood diamonds?
Diamonds: A Symbol of Love and Conflict. Blood Diamonds. … In 2000, De Beers controlled around 65 percent of all diamond production, while in 2001 De Beers marketed two-thirds of all the rough diamonds in the world and produced nearly half of the world’s supply of diamonds from their mine.
Are conflict diamonds illegal?
People often become wrapped up in the size or sparkle of a diamond. … Before purchasing a diamond, it’s imperative that you ensure it’s conflict-free. Diamonds that are not conflict-free are known as blood diamonds, which means they are illegally sold in order to finance devastating wars and terrorism.
Was Danny Archer real?
Danny Archer is a fictional character appearing in the 2006 film Blood Diamond. He is portrayed by Leonardo DiCaprio.
How much do diamond miners get paid in Africa?
Diamond miners who work in small-scale mining – panning or digging for diamonds – produce about 15% of the world’s diamonds. But their wages do not reflect the value of their work. An estimated one million diamond diggers in Africa earn less than a dollar a day.
How did blood diamond end?
The film ends with Solomon smiling at the photograph Maddy took of Archer earlier, now published in her magazine along with the complete story of their journey, before addressing a conference on blood diamonds in Kimberley, South Africa, describing his experiences.
What is Sierra Leone known for?
Sierra Leone also possesses substantial mineral resources, particularly iron ore, and has relied on mining for its economic base in recent years. In addition, the country is among the largest producers of titanium and bauxite, a major producer of gold, and in the top ten diamond-producing nations.
Can anyone mine diamonds?
The only active diamond mine in the country is the Crater of Diamonds Mine near Murfreesboro, Pike County, Arkansas. There, recreational prospectors have been finding up to a few hundred carats of diamonds per year since the early 1970s. Many colored diamonds have been found at Crater of Diamonds.