What does the function capitalize () do?
In Python, the capitalize() method returns a copy of the original string and converts the first character of the string to a capital (uppercase) letter while making all other characters in the string lowercase letters.
How do you lowercase a string in Ruby?
Ruby has a few methods for changing the case of strings. To convert to lowercase, use downcase : “hello James!”. downcase #=> “hello james!”
What is .strip in Ruby?
Ruby has lstrip and rstrip methods which can be used to remove leading and trailing whitespaces respectively from a string. Ruby also has strip method which is a combination of lstrip and rstrip and can be used to remove both, leading and trailing whitespaces, from a string.
What is .length in Ruby?
length is a String class method in Ruby which is used to find the character length of the given string. Syntax: str.length.
How is capitalize () function different from upper () function?
The capitalize(word) function capitalizes a given word in a string. The capwords(s) function capitalizes all words in a string. The swapcases(s) function converts uppercase letters to lowercase letters and vice versa. … The upper(s) function converts lowercase letters to uppercase letters.
In the AP Stylebook, all words with three letters or fewer are lowercase in a title. However, if any of those short words are verbs (e.g., “is,” “are,” “was,” “be”), they are capitalized.
How do you capitalize in Ruby?
Ruby’s string class offers a few methods to change the case of a string.
- Upcase. Upcase is used to capitalize every letter of a string. …
- Downcase. Downcase is used to make every letter in a string lowercase. …
- Capitalize. Another method on the string class is capitalize. …
- Titleize. Titleize capitalizes every word in a string.
How do you write if else in Ruby?
Ruby if…else Statement
The values false and nil are false, and everything else are true. Notice Ruby uses elsif, not else if nor elif. Executes code if the conditional is true. If the conditional is not true, code specified in the else clause is executed.
How do you append to an array in Ruby?
Array#append() is an Array class method which add elements at the end of the array.
- Syntax: Array.append()
- Parameter: – Arrays for adding elements. – elements to add.
- Return: Array after adding the elements at the end.
How do you capitalize the first letter in Ruby?
Ruby | String capitalize() Method
capitalize is a String class method in Ruby which is used to return a copy of the given string by converting its first character uppercase and the remaining to lowercase.
How do you cut white spaces in Ruby?
If you want to remove only leading and trailing whitespace (like PHP’s trim) you can use . strip , but if you want to remove all whitespace, you can use . gsub(/s+/, “”) instead .
What is string interpolation in Ruby?
Ruby provides a feature called string interpolation that lets you substitute the result of Ruby code into the middle of a string. Ruby provides a feature called string interpolation that lets you substitute the result of Ruby code into the middle of a string. Interpolation works within double-quoted Ruby strings.
What is array in Ruby?
Ruby arrays are ordered, integer-indexed collections of any object. … Ruby arrays can hold objects such as String, Integer, Fixnum, Hash, Symbol, even other Array objects. Ruby arrays are not as rigid as arrays in other languages. Ruby arrays grow automatically while adding elements to them.
What is associative array in Ruby?
A Ruby hash is a collection of unique keys and their values. They are similar to arrays but array use integer as an index and hash use any object type. They are also called associative arrays, dictionaries or maps. If a hash is accessed with a key that does not exist, the method will return nil.
What are the string methods in Ruby?
17 Useful Ruby String Methods to Clean and Format Your Data
- Iterate over each character of a String. …
- Convert a String to a character array. …
- Get the length of a String. …
- Get the count of characters of a String. …
- Reverse a String. …
- 6 Search for one or more characters of a String. …
- Replace characters in a String. …
- Split a String.