Faceting produces flat-sided geometric gems. It used on all types of stones and brings out brilliance and fire and other special features because of how light interacts with the facets. A diamond is good example of a faceted gem. The surface of a diamond is covered with facets, flat surfaces.
What is a rectangular cut gemstone called?
Baguette. Long and rectangular in shape, baguette cut gemstones are a popular choice for accent stones in jewelry. The term Baguette originated from the Italian word “bacchetta”, meaning little stick; bacchio, meaning rod, or from the French word baguette, which is an oblong loaf a bread.
What is the flat part of a gem called?
facet, flat, polished surface on a cut gemstone, usually with three or four sides. The widest part of a faceted stone is the girdle; the girdle lies on a plane that separates the crown, the stone’s upper portion, from the pavilion, the stone’s base.
What are the different types of gemstone cuts?
The Three Basic Gem Cutting Styles
- Brilliant Cut. Brilliant cuts consist of triangular and kite-shaped facets that spread outward from the center of the gem. …
- Step Cut. …
- Mixed Cuts. …
- Shape and Style Combinations. …
- Portuguese Cut. …
- Fantasy Cut. …
- Concave Facets.
Why does a gem have flat sides?
Some gems have tiny, flat culets instead of points. This helps prevent chipping.
What is a princess cut gem?
The Princess cut is the second most popular cut in the diamond and gemstone market, behind the Round Brilliant cut. The diamonds on the side of this yellow sapphire are a princess cut. They are square in shape and have between 58-76 facets, making it incredibly sparkly.
What is Portuguese cut?
The Portuguese-Cut refers to a particular type of fancy gemstone cut. … The Portuguese cut thus exhibits an extra row of facets on the crown, and this unique style enhances the brilliance of the gemstone.
What is a facet cut?
A faceted stone is a type of gemstone cut where the stone has flat top, polished faces called facets across it and a pointed bottom. This cut refracts the light inside the gem and reflects light on the outside facets of the gemstone, maximising the stone’s brilliance and fire.
What stones can you facet?
We regularly facet garnets, topaz, amethyst, citrine and sunstone. We have two options for faceting your rough stones. Our most popular option for small and average size sapphires and other precious and semi-precious stones is “Overseas” cutting.
What are facets in jewelry?
Definition. A facet is a flat, planar surface ground onto a gemstone or diamond. Facets can be produced in many shapes and sizes and are generally arranged in groups depending on the shape and cutting style of the gem material. Facets can be broken down into: Crown Facets and Pavilion Facets.
Which gemstone cut sparkles the most?
The diamond can be cut into various shapes: round, pear, square (princess), oval, heart, emerald … The round cut diamond is the one that really sparkles more than others, and it is the most typical and requested. It is considered the investment gemstone par excellence.
What is a perfect cut gem?
Director, Partner at Multicolour Gems…
An ideal cut which reflects all the light in an even pattern without any darkness or windowing is always preferable when rough of a suitable shape and clarity is available. … They are normally not clean and their shapes can be blocky, rounded, angular, tabular, elongated or flat.
Which shape gemstone is best?
What gemstone shape is best for you or your loved one?
- Round Brilliant Cut = Classic & Elegant. …
- Emerald = Glamorous & Art Deco. …
- Princess = Refined & Sparkly. …
- Asscher = Vintage & Glamourous. …
- Cushion = The Romantic & Whimsical. …
- Oval = Innovative & Creative. …
- Marquise = Dramatic & Striking. …
- Pear = Unique & Feminine.
What is gemstone faceting?
Gemstone faceting is a marvelous amalgam of engineering and art. Through a mechanical process of cutting surfaces on a piece of crystal, beautiful gems are created. … Faceting does have complex subjects, like competition cutting and design.
Are faceted gemstones real?
The fact that a faceted stone is genuine does not in itself mean that it is a valuable gem. Color, clarity, cut, and rareness or availabilty all factor in to the value of a stone.
Is tourmaline a crystal?
Tourmaline is a six-member ring cyclosilicate having a trigonal crystal system. It occurs as long, slender to thick prismatic and columnar crystals that are usually triangular in cross-section, often with curved striated faces.