Kimberlite is an igneous rock, which sometimes contains diamonds. … Kimberlite pipes are the most important source of mined diamonds today. The consensus on kimberlites is that they are formed deep within the mantle.
Can diamonds be found anywhere?
Diamonds are present in about 35 countries. South Africa, Russia and Botswana are the main producers of gem diamond while Australia produces most of the industrial diamond. They are also found in India, Russia, Siberia, Brazil, China, Canada and the United States.
What type of rocks are diamonds found in?
Background. The diamond is the hardest natural substance known. It is found in a type of igneous rock known as kimberlite. The diamond itself is essentially a chain of carbon atoms that have crystallized.
Do diamonds only occur under cratons?
Diamonds are found in the oldest parts of the continental crust called Cratons. … This is important because cratons are where diamonds are found. Although the inside of Earth may have many areas within which diamonds can form, it is only underneath cratons where the conditions exist to allow them to survive.
Can you find diamonds in quartz?
Diamonds can scratch every other mineral, but only diamonds can scratch diamonds. Quartz, the most likely mineral to be mistaken for diamonds in uncut rough form, ranks 7 on the Mohs Hardness Scale.
How do I find diamonds in my yard?
Here are some tips to help you spot a real diamond:
- They do not look like the ads. Diamonds sold in stores are already cut and polished. …
- Check for their natural shine. Diamonds are literally brilliant. …
- Diamonds are rounded not edged. …
- Check for translucency. …
- Check for toughness.
What happens if you find a diamond in your backyard?
If you ever find a diamond ring, or any lost property, don’t assume that you can keep it. Always attempt to find the owner if possible, or turn the item in to the police. Most states will allow finders to keep the property if the owner does not show up to claim it after a certain time.
How do you get diamonds from kimberlite?
Diamonds are easily extracted from yellow ground, but fresh kimberlite rock, called blue ground, holds the diamonds and must be crushed in order to release them. The diamonds in the yellow ground can be washed into streams to eventually wind up in alluvial deposits.
How do you spot a kimberlite?
kimberlite, also called blue ground, a dark-coloured, heavy, often altered and brecciated (fragmented), intrusive igneous rock that contains diamonds in its rock matrix. It has a porphyritic texture, with large, often rounded crystals (phenocrysts) surrounded by a fine-grained matrix (groundmass).
How do I identify my kimberlite?
Identifying it from a couple of photographs is impossible. Kimberlites are very diverse, but generally have distinct trace mineralogy. The only way to absolutely identify one is by thin section and chemistry. And finding a kimberlite that contains diamonds is even rarer – most do not.
How can you tell if a rock is a diamond?
The only hardness test that will identify a diamond is scratching corundum. Corundum, which includes all rubys and sapphires, is 9 on the hardiness scale. If your suspected diamond crystal can scratch corundum, then there is a good chance that you found a diamond. But NO OTHER HARDNESS TEST will identify a diamond.
How far down is kimberlite?
Kimberlite magma forms after low amounts of melting of peridotite (see Winter 2018 Diamonds from the Deep for more information on peridotite), at depths around 200–300 km, and contains high amounts of carbon dioxide and water.
What is kimberlite worth?
Kimberlites form this region do yield beautiful diamonds which mostly range from very small to a maximum of 3 carats. Customers have found 1/4 carat to 1/2 carat blue diamonds and yellow & clear diamonds between 1/4 and 2 carats within our specimens worth $1,500-$4,000.
What does a diamond look like when it’s found?
Diamonds found at the Crater are typically smooth and well rounded. Their shape resembles a polished stone with smooth sides and rounded edges. Size: The average size of a diamond is about the size of a paper match head, approximately 20-25 points weight.
Are raw diamonds worth anything?
With few common inclusions, raw diamonds are more valuable than diamonds with several common flaws. A raw diamond which has a brownish or yellowish tint is stronger but less valuable. On the other side, diamond with less hue is far more valuable. Transparent and colorless diamonds are too rare to find.
What do diamonds look like before they are mined?
On the atomic level. When mined from the earth, diamonds look like cloudy rocks before they’re cut and polished. … Alternatively, carbon can form a repeating three-dimensional shape, a tetrahedron – and that’s your diamond.